Label noise introduction Training machine learning models requires a lot of data. Often, it is quite costly to obtain sufficient data for your problem. Sometimes, you might even need domain experts which don’t have much time and are expensive. One option that you can look into is getting cheaper, lower quality data, i.e. have less experienced people annotate data. This usually has the side effect of your labels becoming more noisy.
Instead of using sometimes confusing indexing in your code, use a namedtuple instead. It’s backwards compatible, so you can still use the index, but you can make your code much more readable. This is especially helpful when you transform between PIL and numpy based code, where PIL uses a column, row notation while numpy uses a row, column notation. Let’s consider this piece of code where we want to get the pixel locations of several points which are in the numpy format:
Einops is a really great library to improve your machine learning code. It supports Numpy, PyTorch, Tensorflow and many more machine learning libraries. It helps to give more semantic meaning to your code and can also save you a lot of headaches when transforming data. As a primer let’s look at a typical use-case in machine learning where you have a bunch of data and you want to reshape it, so some dimensions are merged together like this:
I find that in the field of data science and machine learning some coding principles that are standard in traditional software engineering sometimes are lacking. One such principle is to strive to rather specify everything that is possible in code rather than as comments. Why does it make sense to do that? Comments often don’t age well. You write them in the context of the current code, but then over time as the code gets changed and readapted to other use cases, the context changes.
Recently Swift for Tensorflow has picked up some steam, so I wanted to explore the Swift programming language a bit. The main advantage over Python for Swift is that Swift is very fast by directly using the LLVM compiler infrastructure. Python itself relies a lot on C to make code run fast, but if you write Python code you can get very slow code if it’s not optimized. However, the main disadvantage for Swift is that it’s ecosystem when it comes to machine learning and data processing libraries is currently a lot less powerful than Python’s ecosystem.
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